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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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\plain \cbpat8\ql\li4115\fi0\ri0\sb349\sa0\tx5170 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 zz6{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\i0\expndtw-1 HOSTAGES : EXTENT OF KINGDOM}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4003\fi108\ri0\sb234\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 well founded.   We   learn   that   these   hostages   were \expndtw9 treated with the utmost consideration, and adequate \expndtw1 arrangements were made for their stay in the \i She-lo-ka \i0 monastery m  KapiSa   (Kafiristan),   Gandhara,  and at \expndtw6 a place called Chinabhukti in eastern Punjab, during \expndtw4 the various seasons of the year.    Here, it is said, they \expndtw5 introduced the peach and the pear, and their memory \expndtw0 continued to be cherished in Yuan Chwang's time in the \expndtw4 Kapisa monastery, where according to his biographer, \expndtw8 Hwui-h, they had made endowments  for the repairs \expndtw0 and maintenance of the \i She-lo-ka \i0 shrine.   The treasure \expndtw10 was deposited under the foot  of the  image  of the \expndtw0 Crreat  Spirit  King   (Vai Havana), and once  a   certain \expndtw5 covetous   king   tried to   open  it,   but   was   foiled m his attempt by portents.   Yuan Chwang, however, \expndtw0 is alleged to have succeeded in doing so after .propitiat\-\expndtw4 ing the "guardian spirit/\super 9\nosupersub  and a part of the jewels and \expndtw-2 g\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'b0\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 !\super d\nosupersub  was then utilised in. making necessary repairs in the \expndtw2 building of the \i Vihara.   \i0 The remainder of the treasure \super\expndtw5 was\nosupersub  left to meet future requirements.\super 1}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li4000\fi0\ri0\sb133\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Extent of Kaniska's Dominions}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li3967\fi486\ri94\sb144\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Kaniska ruled a vast empire. Outside India it \expndtw2 certainly comprised Afghanistan, Bactria, Kashgar, \expndtw0 Khotan, and Yarkand. Its limits in India are, however, \expndtw-1 hard to determine with precision. The inscriptions of \expndtw-3 Kaniska's reign have been discovered in Peshawar, Man-\expndtw-7 ikyala (near Rawalpindi),\super 2\nosupersub  Sui Vihar (Bahawalpur State)',\super 3 \nosupersub\expndtw-2 Zeda (near Und), Mathura, Sravasti, Kosambi, Sarnath; and his coins are found all over Northern India including Bihar and Bengal. Thus, it appears from these findspots \expndtw0 and the traditions of his conquests that Kaniska's Indian}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li3906\fi428\ri0\sb162\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 1\nosupersub  \i Life, \i0 pp. 56-58; \i E.H.I., \i0 4th ed.\sub \}\nosupersub  pp. 278-280. \expndtw14 i   >   ^ \loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'a5\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 f ^\super k\nosupersub ^\super k\nosupersub  ^^ip^n of the year 18 of Maharaja Kanes-\expndtw5 ka s (Kaniska's) reign, \i C.I.L, \i0 II, pt. I, no. LXXVI, pp. 145-50. ' \expndtw6 _   /ct. Sm VihSr inscription, dated year u, of Maharaja  Raia-\expndtw3 tiraja Devaputra Kaniska's reign \i (Ibid., \i0 no. LXXIV, pp. 138-41).}\par }